Home » Pharma & Healthcare » Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market by Player, Region, Type, Application and Sales Channel, Forecast 2021-2030

Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market by Player, Region, Type, Application and Sales Channel, Forecast 2021-2030

  103 Pages     Pharma & Healthcare  

Available Formats      

Report ID: 83179
Published By: MAResearch

Summary

The Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market was valued at $XX million in 2020, and research analysts predict the global market size will reach $XX million by the end of 2030, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2021 and 2030.

This report studies the Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell market, covering market size for segment by type (Human iPSCs, Mouse iPSCs, etc.), by application (Academic Research, Drug Development and Discovery, etc.), by sales channel (Direct Channel, Distribution Channel), by player (Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI), Ncardia, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma, Astellas Pharma Inc, Fate Therapeutics, Inc, etc.) and by region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America and Middle East & Africa).

This report provides detailed historical analysis of global market for Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell from 2015-2020, and provides extensive market forecasts from 2021-2030 by region/country and subsectors. It covers the sales/revenue/value, gross margin, historical growth and future perspectives in the Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell market.

Moreover, the impact of COVID-19 is also concerned. Since outbreak in December 2019, the COVID-19 virus has spread to all around the world and caused huge losses of lives and economy, and the global manufacturing, tourism and financial markets have been hit hard, while the online market/industry increase. Fortunately, with the development of vaccine and other effort by global governments and organizations, the negative impact of COVID-19 is expected to subside and the global economy is expected to recover.

This research covers COVID-19 impacts on the upstream, midstream and downstream industries. Moreover, this research provides an in-depth market evaluation by highlighting information on various aspects covering market dynamics like drivers, barriers, opportunities, threats, and industry news & trends. In the end, this report also provides in-depth analysis and professional advices on how to face the post COIVD-19 period.

The research methodology used to estimate and forecast this market begins by capturing the revenues of the key players and their shares in the market. Various secondary sources such as press releases, annual reports, non-profit organizations, industry associations, governmental agencies and customs data, have been used to identify and collect information useful for this extensive commercial study of the market. Calculations based on this led to the overall market size. After arriving at the overall market size, the total market has been split into several segments and subsegments, which have then been verified through primary research by conducting extensive interviews with industry experts such as CEOs, VPs, directors, and executives. The data triangulation and market breakdown procedures have been employed to complete the overall market engineering process and arrive at the exact statistics for all segments and subsegments.

Leading players of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell including:

  • Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI)
  • Ncardia
  • Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma
  • Astellas Pharma Inc
  • Fate Therapeutics, Inc
  • Pluricell Biotech
  • Cell Inspire Biotechnology
  • ReproCELL

Market split by Type, can be divided into:

  • Human iPSCs
  • Mouse iPSCs

Market split by Application, can be divided into:

  • Academic Research
  • Drug Development and Discovery
  • Toxicity Screening
  • Regenerative Medicine
  • Others

Market split by Sales Channel, can be divided into:

  • Direct Channel
  • Distribution Channel

Market segment by Region/Country including:

  • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Spain etc.)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia and Southeast Asia etc.)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina and Colombia etc.)
  • Middle East & Africa (South Africa, UAE and Saudi Arabia etc.)

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Table Of Contents

Chapter 1 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Overview

1.1 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Definition

1.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size Status and Outlook (2015-2030)

1.3 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size Comparison by Region (2015-2030)

1.4 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size Comparison by Type (2015-2030)

1.5 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size Comparison by Application (2015-2030)

1.6 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size Comparison by Sales Channel (2015-2030)

1.7 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Dynamics (COVID-19 Impacts)

1.7.1 Market Drivers/Opportunities

1.7.2 Market Challenges/Risks

1.7.3 Market News (Mergers/Acquisitions/Expansion)

1.7.4 COVID-19 Impacts on Current Market

1.7.5 Post-Strategies of COVID-19 Outbreak

Chapter 2 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Segment Analysis by Player

2.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Market Share by Player (2018-2020)

2.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Market Share by Player (2018-2020)

2.3 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Player (2018-2020)

2.4 Players Competition Situation & Trends

2.5 Conclusion of Segment by Player

Chapter 3 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Segment Analysis by Type

3.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market by Type

3.1.1 Human iPSCs

3.1.2 Mouse iPSCs

3.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

3.3 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

3.4 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Type (2015-2020)

3.5 Leading Players of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Type in 2020

3.6 Conclusion of Segment by Type

Chapter 4 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Segment Analysis by Application

4.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market by Application

4.1.1 Academic Research

4.1.2 Drug Development and Discovery

4.1.3 Toxicity Screening

4.1.4 Regenerative Medicine

4.1.5 Others

4.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

4.3 Leading Consumers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Application in 2020

4.4 Conclusion of Segment by Application

Chapter 5 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Segment Analysis by Sales Channel

5.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market by Sales Channel

5.1.1 Direct Channel

5.1.2 Distribution Channel

5.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Market Share by Sales Channel (2015-2020)

5.3 Leading Distributors/Dealers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Sales Channel in 2020

5.4 Conclusion of Segment by Sales Channel

Chapter 6 Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Segment Analysis by Region

6.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR by Region (2015-2030)

6.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

6.3 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

6.4 North America

6.4.1 North America Market by Country

6.4.2 North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type

6.4.3 North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application

6.4.4 United States

6.4.5 Canada

6.4.6 Mexico

6.5 Europe

6.5.1 Europe Market by Country

6.5.2 Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type

6.5.3 Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application

6.5.4 Germany

6.5.5 UK

6.5.6 France

6.5.7 Italy

6.5.8 Russia

6.5.9 Spain

6.6 Asia-Pacific

6.6.1 Asia-Pacific Market by Country

6.6.2 Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type

6.6.3 Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application

6.6.4 China

6.6.5 Japan

6.6.6 Korea

6.6.7 India

6.6.8 Southeast Asia

6.6.9 Australia

6.7 South America

6.7.1 South America Market by Country

6.7.2 South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type

6.7.3 South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application

6.7.4 Brazil

6.7.5 Argentina

6.7.6 Colombia

6.8 Middle East & Africa

6.8.1 Middle East & Africa Market by Country

6.8.2 Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type

6.8.3 Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application

6.8.4 UAE

6.8.5 Saudi Arabia

6.8.6 South Africa

6.9 Conclusion of Segment by Region

Chapter 7 Profile of Leading Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Players

7.1 Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI)

7.1.1 Company Snapshot

7.1.2 Product/Service Offered

7.1.3 Business Performance (Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share)

7.1.4 COVID-19 Impact on Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI)

7.2 Ncardia

7.3 Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma

7.4 Astellas Pharma Inc

7.5 Fate Therapeutics, Inc

7.6 Pluricell Biotech

7.7 Cell Inspire Biotechnology

7.8 ReproCELL

Chapter 8 Upstream and Downstream Analysis of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

8.1 Industrial Chain of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

8.2 Upstream of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

8.2.1 Raw Materials

8.2.2 Labor Cost

8.2.3 Manufacturing Expenses

8.2.4 Manufacturing Cost Structure

8.2.5 Manufacturing Process

8.3 Downstream of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

8.3.1 Leading Distributors/Dealers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

8.3.2 Leading Consumers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Chapter 9 Development Trend of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (2021-2030)

9.1 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size (Sales and Revenue) Forecast (2021-2030)

9.2 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Region (2021-2030)

9.3 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Type (2021-2030)

9.4 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Application (2021-2030)

9.5 Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Sales Channel (2021-2030)

Chapter 10 Appendix

10.1 Research Methodology

10.2 Data Sources

10.3 Disclaimer

10.4 Analysts Certification

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Fact & Figures

Figure Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Example

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) Status and Outlook (2015-2030)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) Comparison by Region (2015-2030)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) Comparison by Type (2015-2030)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) Comparison by Application (2015-2030)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) Comparison by Sales Channel (2015-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Player (2018-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Player (2018-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Player in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) by Player (2018-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Player (2018-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Player in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Player (2018-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Player in 2020

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Players Competition Situation – Top 5 Players’ Revenue Market Share in 2018

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Players Competition Trends – Top 5 Players’ Revenue Market Share in 2020

Figure Example of Human iPSCs

Figure Global Human iPSCs Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Mouse iPSCs

Figure Global Mouse iPSCs Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Type (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Type in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) by Type (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Type (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Type in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Type (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Average Price by Type in 2020

Table Leading Players of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Type in 2020

Figure Example of Academic Research

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Academic Research Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Drug Development and Discovery

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Drug Development and Discovery Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Toxicity Screening

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Toxicity Screening Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Regenerative Medicine

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Regenerative Medicine Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Others

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Others Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Application (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Application (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Application in 2020

Table Leading Consumers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Application in 2020

Figure Example of Direct Channel

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Direct Channel Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Example of Distribution Channel

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell for Distribution Channel Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Sales Channel (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Sales Channel (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Sales Channel in 2020

Table Leading Distributors/Dealers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell by Sales Channel in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR by Region (2015-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Region (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Region in 2020

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) by Region (2015-2020)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Region (2015-2020)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Region in 2020

Table North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Country (2015-2020)

Figure North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Table North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Country (2015-2020)

Figure North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Figure North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type in 2020

Figure North America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application in 2020

Figure United States Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure United States Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Canada Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Canada Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Mexico Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Mexico Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Table Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type in 2020

Figure Europe Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application in 2020

Figure Germany Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Germany Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure UK Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure UK Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure France Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure France Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Italy Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Italy Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Russia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Russia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Spain Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Spain Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Table Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type in 2020

Figure Asia-Pacific Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application in 2020

Figure China Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure China Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Japan Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Japan Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Korea Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Korea Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure India Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure India Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Southeast Asia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Southeast Asia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Australia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Australia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Country (2015-2020)

Figure South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Table South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Country (2015-2020)

Figure South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Figure South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type in 2020

Figure South America Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application in 2020

Figure Brazil Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Brazil Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Argentina Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Argentina Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Colombia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Colombia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Table Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue Market Share by Country (2015-2020)

Figure Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Type in 2020

Figure Middle East & Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Share by Application in 2020

Figure UAE Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure UAE Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Saudi Arabia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure Saudi Arabia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure South Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Figure South Africa Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue (Million $) and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Table Company Snapshot of Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI)

Table Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Introduction of Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI)

Table Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales, Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share of Fujifilm Holding Corporation (CDI) (2018-2020)

Table Industrial Chain of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Table Manufacturing Cost Structure of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Table General Manufacturing Process of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Table Leading Distributors/Dealers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Table Leading Consumers of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Sales and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2030)

Figure Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Region (2021-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Type (2021-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Application (2021-2030)

Table Global Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Market Size and CAGR Forecast by Sales Channel (2021-2030)

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Please share youre basic details, to recieve the report sample

If you have any special requirements, please let us know and we will offer you the report as you want.

Our Clients

dropbox
kodak
honeywell
philips
nestle
Hanwha
Compass-Minerals
Elanco
Honda-Europe
Courant.Biz | Powered By SAIME DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES PVT. LTD. | © 2020